Ruta Nimkar

Women’s Experiences as Transit Migrants in Yemen

Women’s Experiences as Transit Migrants in Yemen

International Organization for Migration, Yemen

 

 

 

In 2019, women and girls formed 21% of migrants travelling irregularly from the Horn of Africa to Gulf countries; the majority of these women were from Ethiopia. Existing research provides anecdotal evidence that irregular migration journeys are gendered, highlighting that women face specific issues that are distinct from the overall risks of the journey.

 

In this gender study, Meraki Labs has examined the risks faced by Ethiopian women on the irregular migration route to the Gulf, and the factors that affect their vulnerability to trafficking.

 

 

 

Analysis of Return Migrant Reintegration in Ethiopia

Analysis of Return Migrant Reintegration in Ethiopia

NORWEGIAN REFUGEE COUNCIL, ETHIOPIA

Meraki Labs was commissioned to conduct primary research to support the Norwegian Refugee Council to analyse the gap in the governmental, private sectors and humanitarian response to return migrant needs in Ethiopia. This included a review of policy frameworks, existing literature on root causes of migration and existing programming, as well as a stakeholder analysis at different levels.

In additional to a literature review and a legal and policy analysis, Meraki Labs conducted 104 interviews with returnees, families of returnees, and government officials in Oromia, Amhara, and Addis Ababa Regions of Ethiopia as well as 20 additional interviews with migrants in Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Djibouti. The findings report was aimed at providing detailed and realistic recommendations for protection, livelihoods, and education programming.

Final Evaluation of the Mediterranean Mixed Migration (3M) Response Programme

Final Evaluation of the Mediterranean Mixed Migration (3M) Response Programme

3M CONSORTIUM (DRC, IRC, START NETWORK)

LIBYA, NIGER, MALI, TUNISIA, BURKINA FASO

3M was a three-year FCDO-funded migration response programme led by a consortium of the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), International Rescue Committee (IRC), the Start Network and the Mixed Migration Center (North and West Africa). The programme was operational in Mali, Niger, Libya, Tunisia, and Burkina Faso – with additional reach provided by Migration Emergency Response Facility (MERF) grants provided by the Start Network.

Meraki Labs was commissioned to complete a final evaluation of the programme, with the overall objective of this assignment is to support the 3M migration program to assess to what extent the project has contributed to its overall objective and achieved its results, and to evaluate if the project’s approach (design and implementation) was the right strategy. Meraki Labs used a traditional OECD DAC evaluation approach, combined with an in-depth theory of change review, value for money assessment, and modified the effectiveness assessment to correspond with a routes-based approach framework.

Developing innovative participatory research methodologies for youth on the move

Developing innovative participatory research methodologies for youth on the move

UNIVERSITY OF GENEVA, GLOBAL

Youth are a challenging demographic for humanitarian and development agencies to reach. Innovation and technology offer new possibilities for engaging with youth, but the effectiveness of these mechanisms has yet to be demonstrated due to the challenges with population transience and the fragile contexts where projects are implemented.

Meraki Labs is working with the University of Geneva and InZone to develop a participatory methodology for youth engaging in projects to evaluate their effectiveness. The project aims to develop a toolkit that is appropriate for a variety of contexts, to enable comparison and broader learning.

Protection of Children on the Move along the Southern Migration Route

Protection of Children on the Move along the Southern Migration Route

DESTINATION UNKNOWN, AFRICA (HORN OF AFRICA, EAST AFRICA, SOUTHERN AFRICA)

Little is known about childen and youth on the move in Africa. Girls and boys are typically included as small portions of larger reports on migration and, due to poor data and access, are often get few opportunities to express their own realities, motivations, and aspirations as it relates to their migration journey. Protection of children and youth continues to be a major concern, particularly in light of the known risks of detention, abuse, and trafficking not to mention gaps in education and civil documentation.

Meraki Labs is leading a multi-country study that seeks to better understand the specific experiences, motivations and aspiration as well as protection risks and protective capacities of children following the Southern Migration Route, from the Horn and East Africa to Southern Africa.

Baseline Assessment for Gender Transformative Programming in North East Nigeria

Baseline Assessment for Gender Transformative Programming in North East Nigeria

PLAN INTERNATIONAL, NIGERIA

Plan International, with funding from the Government of Canada, aims to implement a gender transformative project in North East Nigeria. In order to ensure effectiveness, a baseline survey is necessary both to set indicator values and to understand community dynamics that affect gender.

Meraki Labs is developing and rolling out a quantitative and qualitative analysis of factors affecting school enrolment, and qualitative relationships and ties that affect girls’ enrolment and retention in schools.

Development of Global Strategy and Implementation Plan for Innovative Programming Targeting Youth

Development of Global Strategy and Implementation Plan for Innovative Programming Targeting Youth

TERRE DES HOMME, GLOBAL

FabLabs, or digital fabrication laboratories, are a global network of local labs, enabling invention by providing access to tools for digital fabrication. They also enable engagement and empowerment for youth in challenging circumstances.

Meraki Labs is supporting Terre des Hommes to utilise FabLabs in humanitarian, migration and development settings, and develop use cases focusing on youth empowerment and engagement.

Mixed Migration Monitoring and Evaluation System

Mixed Migration Monitoring and Evaluation System

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION, YEMEN

Three organizations work on mixed migration in Yemen, and they work in the form of a consortium. However, information collection systems were fragmented and data was not systematically analysed.

Meraki Labs supported the consortium members to develop and roll out one consistent database. Meraki also provided monthly analysis of the data, semi-annual trend analysis and periodic thematic reports on aspects such as gender and smugglers.

Determining the ‘tipping points’ for Would-be Migrant Decision-making in Ethiopia

Determining the ‘tipping points’ for Would-be Migrant Decision-making in Ethiopia

MIXED MIGRATION CENTRE, ETHIOPIA

The Ethiopia Migration Programme (EMP) is a GBP 21 million programme, funded by the UK Department for International Development (DfID), aiming to enhance the protective environment for migrants and would-be migrants whilst reducing unsafe irregular migration through and from Ethiopia.


Meraki Labs designed and produced a research report based on large scale quantitative surveys, focus groups, and in-depth interviews with Ethiopian, Somali, and Eritrean young people considering (re)migration. The study questionned the existence of ‘tipping points’ in migration decision making processes, including if and the extent to which commonly understood ‘migration drivers’ function in communities.

Recommendations to the UN Humanitarian Country Team – Cash and Humanitarian Response

Recommendations to the UN Humanitarian Country Team – Cash and Humanitarian Response

CASH LEARNING PARTNERSHIP, YEMEN

Cash transfers in Yemen, delivered through humanitarian actors and social protection systems, offer great opportunities for beneficiary impact and alignment with donor priorities – but this potential is not fully utilized due to fragmentation within the system. Fragmentation may affect the degree to which cash programs in Yemen can be scaled up.


Meraki Labs, on behalf of the Cash and Learning Partnership, conducted independent research into the barriers and opportunities to harmonise humanitarian and social protection cash programs. The end result is a paper which presents options to the HCT and donors.